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英語講解ppt

  • 素材大小:2.75 MB
  • 素材授權:免費下載
  • 更新時間:2019-06-17
  • 素材類別:英語課件PPT
  • 素材格式:.ppt
  • 關鍵提要:英語講解,講解
  • 素材版本:PowerPoint2003及以上版本(.ppt)
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這是英語講解ppt下載,主要介紹了實義動詞;系動詞;助動詞;情態動詞;口訣,歡迎點擊下載。

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英語講解ppt

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動詞 3.動詞+間接賓語+直接賓語 V+sb sth V+sth for/to sb 1動詞+賓語 I like English very much. 2動詞+賓語+賓補 We paint the shelf pink. 加名詞作賓補的詞有: call, choose, consider, elect, make, name······ 1)動詞+賓語+不定式(to do) (賓補) advise   allow    cause  enable encourage find    forbid   force      wish  invite   order   permit   persuade remind   tell     warn expect   wish ········· 2)動詞+賓語+省略to 的不定式(賓補)一 have, let和make, 此三動詞是使役,使用它們要仔細,后接“賓補”略去“to” 一感feel, 二聽hear, listen to, 三讓have, let, make, 四看see, look at, observe, watch 3)動詞+adj (做補語) colour, keep, find, get,leave,make,paint,cut Eg: Please colour it red. I find it interesting. 4)動詞加現在分詞做補語 get / leave / keep / set / catch / have sb. doing; see / find / watch / feel / hear / listen to / discover sb. doing 如:他讓我等了整整一上午 。 He kept me waiting the whole morning. 5)動詞加過去分詞(補語)過去分詞作賓補時,常見的詞有 have ,get, make have sth done Eg: 我理發了。 I have had my hair cut. 我讓別人明白了。 I made myself heard. V+ 直賓或間賓 bring, hand, lend , mail ,offer ,owe ,pass post ,read, return , send ,sell ,show , take ,teach ,tell , throw ,write V+ 直賓或間賓 book ,buy, choose cook, draw ,fetch find ,fix ,get make, order ,pick prepare save sing spare steal 不及物動詞 1.沒有被動形式,如happen,occur,rise,lie,die 既作及物又作不及物動詞的詞他跑的快。 He runs fast. 他經營一家工廠。 He runs a factory. Eg: study,fly,run, change 1.She looked forward every spring to_____ the flower-lined garden. A.visit B.paying a visit C.walk in D.walking in 2.I would appreciate ______ back this afternoon. A.you to call B.you call C.your calling D.you’re calling 3.The day he has looked forward to______at last. A.coming B.came C.come D.comes 4.Mr Smith warned her son ____ after drinking. A.never to drive B.to never drive C.never driving D.never drive 5.She pretended_____me when I passed by. A.not to see B.not seeing C.to not see D.having not seen 常見的連系動詞有:be, become, turn, get, grow, keep, feel, look, seem, smell, turn, fall等。它們都表示狀態的漸變或保持不變,以及表示感覺。后面接形容詞構成系表結構。 Eg:Please keep the classroom clean. The bread looks very fresh. His plan sounded practical. 狀態變化系動詞 1.The weather will_____hot for another two weeks. A.last B.remain C.get D.turn 2.The hot weather will ____another two days. A.last B.remain C.get D.turn 3.The boss made them _____12 hours a day. A.work B.to work C.worked D.working 4.They were made_______12 hours a day. A.work B.to work C.worked D.working 5.----Have you got a ticket for the concert? ----No, the tickets ______well and they _______out last week. A. sell; were sold B. sell; sold C. sell;have been sold D. are sell; sold 助動詞是“輔助性”動詞,一般沒有詞義,不能單獨 作謂語,但可用來幫助構成謂語,表示不同的時態, 語態,和數的變化。  常見的助動詞有:(1)be (am, is, are, was, were, being, been) 與現在分詞結合構成各種進行時態,或與過去分詞結合構成被動語態。 Eg: I’m looking for my pen. (現在進行時) What were you doing at this time yesterday?(過去進行時) These cups are made in China. (被動語態)(2)have (has, had, having)與過去分詞結合構成完成時。 Eg: They have known each other for twenty years.(現在完成時) He had built a chemistry lab for himself at the age of ten.(過去完成時)(3) 助動詞do (does, did) 后只能跟動詞原形,與not及其他動詞結合構成否定句,或置于主語之前構成疑問句。 Eg: He does not speak English.   When did he come back? (4)will (would), shall (should): will能用于一般將來時的任何人稱后;would是will的過去時,能用于過去將來時;兩者后面都接動詞原形。 Eg: The plane will arrive in ten minutes. 飛機十分中后將要到達。  I was sure that we would win.我確信用我們會贏。 shall與should這兩個助動詞本身沒有詞義,shall只能用于一般將來時的第一人稱后;should是shall的過 去時,只能用于過去將來時的第一人稱后;兩者后面都接動詞原形。 Eg: We shall meet at the school gate tomorrow. 我們明天將在校門口見。 I told them that I should do the work alone. 我告訴 他們我將獨自做那項工作。 ★can’t help but do=can’t but do =have to do I can’t help but tell him the truth. 1.---I usually go there by train. ---Why not______by boat for a change? A.to try going B.trying to go C.to try and go D.try going 2.---The light in the office is still on. ---Oh,I forgot_______. A.turning it off B.turn it off C.to turn it off D.having turned it off 1) can的主要用法是: A. _________: The girl can dance very well. B. _____________: Can the news be true? C. _____________: Can I sit here? 2) could的主要用法是: A. ______________________________ ____________________: We all knew that the young man couldn’t be a doctor. 我三歲就能看書了。 Father said I could go out with my friends. 3) They can't /couldn’t have gone out because the light is still on. must: 1). _________________ We must all die. 人總要死的。 2). ______________________ You must get up early. 你必須早起來。 We mustn’t waste our time. ---- May I take this magazine out? ---- No, you mustn’t. 5).表示推測,意為“一定是”,語氣非常肯定,近乎確定的意味,一般用在肯定句。 must+ v 對現在的推測 It must be eleven o’clock now. He must go crazy. must+ have+過去分詞 對過去的推測 must+ be+ v-ing 對將來或現在進行時的推測 6).表示“偏偏”,表達對某事的不滿或責備等情緒。 Why must it rain on Sunday? may & might : may 常用來表示: A. _______________ May I come in ? Yes, please. B. ________________ The road may be blocked. 這條路可能不通了。 The road can be blocked. 這條路可能會是不通的。 在疑問句中,表示可能性用can。 如:Where can he be? 他會在哪呢? C. _____________________ May you succeed! May you have a good journey! will & would: 1). I will tell you something important. 我將要告訴你一些重要的事。 2). _______________________________ If you want help, let me know, will you? 如果你需要幫助, 讓我知道, 好嗎? Would you type this, please? 請打印這個,好嗎? Won't you sit down? 請坐下,好嗎? 4)._________________________ Would you help us, please? 請您幫助我們,好嗎? I’d go there with you. 我要和你一塊到那兒去。 Teacher wouldn’t allow it. 老師不會允許這件事。 shall & should: 1). Perhaps I shall pay a visit to England this winter.可能今年冬天我會去英國觀光。 (構成一般將來時, 助動詞)(表 “決心”,情態動詞)(表 “決心”,情態動詞) 4). You should keep your promise. 你應該遵守諾言。 You should call the police. *表示“按理說”。 It’s 8 o’clock now, he should be here at any moment. *表埋怨,用于“Shouldn’t …?” Shouldn’t you be doing your homework now? 延伸1:接虛擬語氣的詞 1)insist 2)order, command 4)advise, suggest, propose , recommend 4)demand, ask, require, request 1.He ordered that we (should)leave at once. 2.His order that we (should) leave at once was right. 3.He insisted that his brother_____ there. A.go B.went C.going D.to go 4.He insisted that he______ nothing wrong and ______ set free. A.do;be B.had done;was C.had done;be D.did; was 5.His voice suggested that he______angry. A.is B.be C.was D.were 6.He suggested that the boy _____ sent to hospital at once. A.was B.be C.is D.were 延伸2:瞬間非延續性動詞 go, come, leave, start, return, arrive, stop, finish, borrow, lend, open,close, die, become, break, join, kill, marry, graduate,buy marry--be married seat--be seated hide--be hidden engage--be engaged die--be dead begin--be on join--be in borrow--keep come--be/stay leave--be away buy--have=have got 1.He died ten years ago,that’s to say,he has _____ for ten years. A.been died B.been dead C.died D.been dying 2.When Jack arrived he learned Mary ____for almost an hour. A.had gone B.had set off C.had left D.had been away He is leaving for Beijing tomorrow. The boy is so sick that he is dying fast. The bus is coming. The train is leaving. 延伸3:表計劃未能實現的動詞 intend, mean ,hope, plan, expect, think, want, suppose, promise I had hoped to come here,but I had an unexpected visitor. 延伸4:情感動詞類表示人的內在感受的動詞 encourage, excite, inspire, interest, amaze, satisfy, delight, please, move, frighten, surprise, astonish, shock, disappoint, discourage, puzzle, worry, tire, touch, relax 1.The news sounds _____________.(encourage) 2.The play was so ___________ that nearly everybody was _________ to tears.(move) 3.Looking at her paper, she nodded with a___________ smile on her face.(satisfy) 4.He looked at me with a__________look. (puzzle) 延伸5:否定前移類 believe, imagine, suppose, think, feel , guess 1.I don’t think he can finish the work,____? A.can’t he B.can he C.do I D.don’t I 2.We don’t believe she knows it,______? A.does she B.doesn’t she C.do we D.don’t we 3.You don’t think he can finish it, ______? A.do you B.don’t you C.can he D.can’t he

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《英語講解ppt》是由用戶霧夕于2019-06-17上傳,屬于英語課件PPT。

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