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英語必修四ppt

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  • 素材授權:免費下載
  • 更新時間:2019-06-17
  • 素材類別:英語課件PPT
  • 素材格式:.ppt
  • 關鍵提要:英語必修四,必修
  • 素材版本:PowerPoint2003及以上版本(.ppt)
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這是英語必修四ppt下載,主要介紹了ing形式作主語和賓語的用法;作主語;ing形式作定語, 賓語補足語和表語的用法;-ing形式作賓語補足語;-ing形式作表語;Exercises,歡迎點擊下載。

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英語必修四ppt

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Grammar: the --ing form used an object conplement ; perdictive ; attributive Translate the following sentences into Chinese. 1. Talking to him is talking to a wall. 2. Smoking may cause cancer. 6. He admitted taking the money. 7. I couldn’t help laughing. 8. Your coat needs brushing. ②用形式主語it,把真正的主語——動名詞結構移置句尾。但這種句子形式有一定的限制,作表語的只能是某些形容詞或少數名詞,如useful,useless,good,fun;no use,worth等。如:常用-ing形式作主語的句型有: It +be +a waste of time doing 做……是浪費時間的 It is/was no good/use doing 做……是沒用處的 It is/was worth/worthwhile doing 做……是值得的 ③ 在there be結構中作主語,這種結構的意思相當于“It is impossible to do… ” 如: 無法知道他什么時候離開。 There was __________ when he would leave. 二. 動名詞作賓語有兩種情況。一是有些動詞只能后接動名詞作賓語;二是有些動詞既可后接動名詞也可后接不定式作賓語。 ① 只能后接動名詞作賓語的動詞, 常見的有avoid, consider, enjoy, keep, finish, suggest, dislike, delay, escape, cannot help, imagine, mind, miss, practice, cannot stand等。如: 4) 晚飯后你想和我一起散步嗎? Do you ___________________ with me after supper? 5)人們忍不住嘲笑那個愚蠢的人。 People _________________________ foolish man. 這類動詞還有:excuse, fancy, give up, put off, risk等。 ②既可接動名詞又可接不定式作賓語的動詞,常見的有:begin, start, continue, like, love, prefer, mean, forget, remember, hate等。 A. 在like, love, hate, prefer等動詞之后,用-ing或不定式意義上沒有什么不同,只是側重點有些不同,動名詞表示泛指的動作,不定式表示具體的一次性動作。 I remember posting the letter. 我記得我已把信寄了。 2) I’ll remember to post the letter. 我會記著去寄信的。 3) I shall never forget seeing the famous writer. _____________________________ _____ D. 在try,mean之后,意義各不相同,如try to do (設法),try doing (試試),mean to do (打算,有意要做),mean doing (意思是,意味著)。如: 1) 我們必須設法及時把一切搞好。 We must try to get everything done in time. E. go on doing 和 go on to do go on doing 繼續做一直在做的事;go on to do 接著做另一件事。如: 1) 請接著做這同一個練習。 ________________ the same exercise. 2) 請做另外一個練習。 _______________ the other exercise.一、-ing形式作定語 1. building materials = materials for building 建筑材料 drinking water = water for drinking 飲用水 a walking stick = a stick for walking 手杖 2. They lived in a room facing the street. = They lived in a room that faces the street. 他們住在一間面朝街的房子。 The man standing there is Peter’s father. = The man who is standing there is Peter’s father. 站在那兒的那個人是彼得的父親。 Anybody swimming in this river will be fined. = Anybody who is swimming in this river will be fined. 在這條河里游泳的任何一個人都會被罰款。 3. -ing形式短語也可以用作非限制定語,相當于一個非限制性定語從句,這時,它與句子其他部分用逗號分開。如: His brother, working as a teacher, lives in Beijing. = His brother, who is working as a teacher, lives in Beijing. 他那個當教師的哥哥住在北京。 The apple tree, swaying gently in the breeze, had a good crop of fruit. = The apple tree, which was swaying gently in the breeze, had a good crop of fruit. 那棵蘋果樹碩果累累,在微風中輕輕搖曳。二、-ing形式作賓語補足語 1. When we returned to the school, we found a stranger standing at the entrance. 當我們回到學校時, 發現一個陌生人站在大門口。 We found the snake eating the eggs. 我們發現蛇正在吃雞蛋。 I found a bag lying on the ground. 我發現地板上放著一個包。 2 They found the result very satisfying. = The result is found very satisfying. 這個結果很令人滿意。 They heard him singing in the next room. = He was heard singing in the next room. 有人聽到他在隔壁房間唱歌 2. 能用-ing形式作賓語補足語的幾類動詞: 1). We saw a light burning in the window. I felt somebody patting me on the shoulder. Can you smell anything burning? As he spoke, he observed everybody looking at him curiously. Listen to the birds singing. I didn’t notice him waiting. 2). I won’t have you doing that. This set me thinking. I’m sorry to have kept you waiting. I can’t get the clock going again. You won’t catch me doing that again. 3). see, hear, feel, watch等動詞之后用-ing形式和動詞不定式作賓語補足語的區別: We passed by the classmates and saw the teacher making the experiment. 我們走過教室,看見老師在做實驗。 (只在走過教室的剎那間,看見老師 正在做實驗) We sat an hour and watched the teacher make the experiment. 我們坐了一個小時,看老師做實驗。(一個小時之內一直在看老師作實驗) ② 如果賓語補足語是短暫性動詞,動詞不定式短語表示一次動作, 而-ing形式則表示反復動作。如: We heard the door slam. We heard the door slamming. 三、-ing形式作表語 Her hobby is painting. 她的業余愛好是畫畫。 My job is looking after the children. 我的工作就是照顧這些孩子。 Point out the usage of the –ing form. 1. Do you find it funny to see someone sliding on a banana skin, bumping into someone else round a corner, or falling down a hole in the road? sliding, bumping, falling 2. He became famous for using a particular form of acting, including mime and farce. using 作介詞for的 _____ including作 _____ 3. …But he was lived by all who watched the films for his determination in overcoming difficulties and being kind even when people were unkind to him. overcoming作_________ 4. That was the problem facing Charlie Chaplin in one of his most famous films. facing 作____ 5. He loved it by using nonverbal humor. using 作________ 6. Their job is “panning for gold”. panning 作_____ 7. Finally he tries cutting and eating the bottom of the shoe. cutting, eating 作_____ Please read the sentences carefully, trying to pick out the errors and then correct them. 1. I am looking forward to visit Charlie Chaplin Museum in Switzerland next week. 2. Many people still enjoy seeing Charlie Chaplin’s silent films. 3. Charlie’s nonverbal humor often makes people bursting with laughter. 5. We are all fond of Charlie’s early films, which we think are more interested. 6. I missed to see the beginning of the film City Lights the other day. 7. I wouldn’t mind to see The Gold Rush again with you tonight.

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《英語必修四ppt》是由用戶胭話于2019-06-17上傳,屬于英語課件PPT。

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